Uveitis0

Uveitis All patients with uveitis need to take medication.  Most take medications that suppress inflammation and modify how the immune system works.  These medications may be in eye drops, given in a shot, taken by mouth (pills), or some combination of these treatments.  Sometimes the treatment will involve eye surgery while patients with chronic or severe forms of uveitis may require several years of immunosuppressive chemotherapy to protect their vision and get the illness into remission.

 

What are some of the uveitis related diseases?

They are Toxoplasmosis, Ocular Toxocariasis, Ocular Cysticercosis, Cytomegalovirus Infection of the Retina, Retinal Disease in the HIV-Infected Patient, Acute Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Endogenous Fungal Infections of the Retina and Choroid, Pars Planitis, Sysphilis, Tuberculosis, Myiasis and Diffuse Unilateral Subacute Neuroretinitis, Episcleritis, Scleritis, Ocular Histoplasmosis, Birdshot Chorioretinopathy, Puncate Inner Choroidopathy, Multifocal Choroiditis, Subretinal Fibrosis and Uveitis Syndrome, Multiple Evanescent White Dot Syndrome, Acute Macular Neuroretinopathy, Acute Retinal Pigment Epitheliitis, Sacroidosis, Acute Multifocal Posterior Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy, Serpiginous Choroiditis, Sympathetic Ophthalma, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Syndrome, Adamantiades-Behcets Disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatic Diseases (JIA uveitis, Ankylosing Spondylitis etc.), HLA B27 associated diseases, Wegeners Granulomatosis and Uveal Effusion.

 

What is Uveitis?
Uveitis 3Uveitis is a rare; serious medical condition that affects vision.  It is an inflammation of the middle layer of the eye also known as the uvea or uveal tract which is responsible for the blood supply of the entire eye. Uveitis is like having an inflammation from a burn, but inside the eye. Inflammation occurring inside the eye is a medical emergency.  If not treated, vision loss will occur.

 

Anatomy

The uvea surrounds the eye like a tunic.  The uvea is divisible into three main parts: the iris, the ciliary body, and  choroids.  The visible part of the uvea is the iris which gives the eye its characteristic color and changes shape to control the amount of light entering the eye.  The ciliary body makes fluid for the inside of the eye and supports the lens.  The choroid is made up of very vascular tissue and provides the blood nourishment for outer layers of the retina.  Inflammation affecting any of three parts of the uveal tract is called uveitis.

 

Who gets Uveitis?

Uveitis can develop at any age.  It is found in all races and occurs worldwide.  It is not contagious.  Patients with uveitis starting before the age of 16 years represent 5% to 10% of all cases of uveitis.  It has an estimated prevalence of about 38 cases per 100,000 population and an incidence of 15 cases per 1000,000 population 2,359,242 people in the world are estimated to have the disorder.

 

What are the symptoms of Uveitis?

One or both eyes may be affected by uveitis.  Symptoms can include pain or redness in the eye sensitivity to light (photophobia), blurred or diminished vision, problems with “glare” or seeing black spots (called “Floaters) and sometimes, abnormal eye movement or alignment.  Persons with uveitis are at increased risk for developing glaucoma and cataract.  In children with uveitis, roughly half will not have symptoms to warm then of disease activity.  In this instance, the uveitis is not usually discovered until it has caused irreversible damage to the retina or optic nerve, resulting in permanent vision loss.

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